Almonds are a plant of the Rosaceae family. Small bushes or trees bloom with single, white or pink flowers. The fruit is a drupe with a dry, often pubescent pericarp, which after maturation opens on two leaves. Many people are accustomed to consider almonds a nut, but in fact, almonds are a stone fruit. Bone (almond) is different: smooth, perforated or net-sulcate, with a thick hard or on the contrary, a fragile shell (shell). There is bitter almonds and sweet almonds. Sweet almonds are oval in shape, taste slightly oily. It is this almond that we eat. Sweet almonds are sold both in the shell and without it.
From bitter almonds, almond oil is produced, which is used as a flavoring for beverages and liquors, such as Amaretto, as well as for other foods. Bitter almonds are not allowed, these nuts contain a large number of toxic substances. In the production of almond oil, these harmful compounds are removed.
Once, almonds grew in the territories of the countries of Central Asia, but in ancient times travelers traveled and planted almond seedlings everywhere. Almonds are photophilous, drought-resistant and even winter-hardy.